Mosquitoes are definitely the most irritating summertime pests. Depending on the surroundings, mosquitoes can just be a hindrance that can be tolerated. However, most of the time, this is not the case. In favorable conditions, they breed incessantly posing a serious health hazard to people. Hence, total elimination of mosquitoes is absolutely essential to check the spread of several transferable diseases caused due to a mosquito bite. Prevention of mosquitoes entails strictly implementing effective methods of checking their breeding habitats.
How do Mosquitoes Breed?
Stagnant water is the number one breeding ground of mosquitoes. Since mosquitoes need water at every stage of their development, eliminating stagnant water completely from surroundings of human habitats deprives them of their chief breeding ground. Under unfavorable circumstances, mosquito eggs can stay without hatching for several months. However, once the eggs are covered with water, they hatch within a day or two. Therefore, the mosquito population can be drastically curtailed by getting rid of all their common breeding places.
Most Essential Precautions to be Taken for Eliminating Mosquitoes
It is almost impossible to eradicate mosquitoes from your surroundings, but we can certainly take steps to reduce the mosquito population to a degree, where it is no longer threat to human society. There are various steps that one should take like keeping the surroundings clean and not allowing the water to accumulate. But in areas where the mosquitoes are already present, you can use mosquito repellents to prevent mosquito bites. Some mosquito repellents with DEET are very effective in repelling mosquitoes and keeps you safe for about 6 to 8 hours. But DEET based mosquito repellents are not good for babies, for them you should use natural mosquito repellent for kids.
#1 Drain water from common mosquito breeding spots
Keep surroundings of human habitations clear of old tires, plastic covers, broken toys, coconut shells, or old containers in which water can accumulate. Sometimes, rainwater can pool in backyards or porches. Drain all pools of stagnant water and fill them up to prevent further accumulation of water.
#2 Repair all types of water leakages
Minor plumbing leaks outside the house can result in barely noticeable water pools. Drip condensation from window air conditioners also leads to the formation of small water pools on the ground. Leaking outdoor faucets also cause water pools. Fixing these problems eliminate water accumulation on the ground.
#3 Maintain swimming pools properly
Swimming pools inside the house or in the backyard should be hygienically maintained. Optimum chlorine levels should be maintained at all times to deter mosquitoes from laying eggs. Further, small plastic pools for children must be drained of water when not in use. Additionally, swimming pool water must be properly treated and kept circulating.
#4 Mow lawns once a week
Even though mosquitoes don’t lay eggs in tall grass, they tend to hide in tall grass. Hence, short grass effectively eliminates another one of their favorite haunts.
#5 Clear water from collection pans frequently
Excess water from the plants kept in pots outdoors run into collection pans. This water must be emptied once in two or three days to prevent water stagnating.
#6 Eliminate holes, nooks, and crannies around the house
Small holes, nooks, crevices, openings, and crannies in patios, backyards, or porches of houses are safe havens for mosquitoes and their eggs. Holes in tree trunks also harbor mosquitoes. Extreme care should be taken to either eliminate or fill up all these mosquito breeding spots.
#7 Clean water fountains and bird baths regularly
Water fountains in gardens and outdoor bird baths are other places where water can stagnate. Regularly cleaning these spots will deter mosquitoes from laying eggs at these places.
#8 Clean clogged gutters
Clogged gutters or improperly draining gutters around the house are potential mosquito breeding grounds. Even when the gutters seem perfect from the outside, water can stagnate at low points in them. These low points become sanctuaries for mosquitoes to lay their eggs. Hence, eliminating these low points in gutters is particularly important.
#9 Remove debris from yards
Grass clippings, small twigs, dry branches, and fallen leaves are the common debris in gardens. Mosquitoes take refuge in these spots. Hence, clearing all debris from gardens significantly reduces the mosquito population.
#10 Remove blockages in rainwater ducts on roofs
The rainwater ducts on roofs tend to get blocked due to the collection of fallen leaves from overhead trees. To prevent the stagnation of rainwater on rooftops and these ducts, the blocks in these ducts must be removed to ensure the free flow of rainwater. This commonly overlooked area is another potential mosquito breeding ground.
Implementing these simple safety precautions checks mosquito breeding and reduces their population significantly. Furthermore, the mosquito menace will become a distant memory if all these rules are strictly adhered to.
Why Mosquito Repellents are Essential
A mosquito repellentis a substance put on skin, clothing, or other surfaces which discourages mosquitoes from landing or crawling on that surface.Why should I use a mosquito repellent? A female mosquito feeds on blood to acquire protein that allows the development of her eggs (Figure 1). When she bites, she releases saliva into the area where she is feeding. Plant-based repellents have been used for generations in traditional practice as a personal protection measure against host-seeking mosquitoes. Choose a repellent that offers the bestprotection for the amount of time you will be outdoors. Mosquitoes can spread viruses that cause serious diseases.